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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-18

Is peripheral arterial disease associated with carotid artery disease in Egyptians? A pilot study

1 Department of General Surgery, Vascular Surgery Division, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Neurology, Cairo University Hospitals, Kasr Al-Ainy Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Sayed
MD, MRCPS, Department of General Surgery, Vascular Surgery Division, Cairo University Hospitals, Kasr Al-Ainy Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo 11562
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-1083.176324

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Background Atherosclerosis involves various vascular segments. The association of carotid artery disease (CAD) to peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is not well investigated in Egyptian patients. Objective In this pilot study, our aim was to examine the relationship between PAD and CAD in an Egyptian population. Patients and methods We examined 37 consecutive patients with PAD for the presence of CAD. Vascular and neurologic examination and duplex assessment of extracranial and intracranial carotid system and ankle-brachial index measurement were carried out to determine whether CAD is symptomatic or not. Results CAD was found in 20 (54.1%) patients. Eight (21.6%) patients had significant extracranial internal carotid stenosis and 13(37%) had intracranial stenosis and were more significantly above the age of 60 years. All patients with intracranial stenosis were men. PAD with RC6 was significantly associated with cerebrovascular events (P = 0.001) and significant extracranial stenosis (P = 0.013) and intracranial internal carotid stenosis (P = 0.001). Conclusion Intracranial and extracranial carotid stenoses are commonly present in patients with critical PAD. Duplex ultrasound screening for CAD presence and severity may be of great benefit, especially in the elderly and patients with critical limb ischemia. These findings need to be further confirmed in a study on larger population of Egyptians.

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